The remaining Berbers in Tunisia represent a minority culture inside the mainly Arabic-Muslim culture. They are still very present in some places in the South. The elderly still speak their language Tamazight. Tamezret forms a compact settlement of stone houses on a hill west of Matmata. Originally, dwellings were carved into the rocks and linked by tunnels. Tujene (Mednine) and Takrouna (Sousse) were partly abandoned, and many of the old stone houses are in ruins. Private initiatives endeavour to preserve this ancient culture that adds to the variety of Tunisia's heritage.